Carbon is an essential element for living organisms that are constantly exchanging carbon, most of which is carbon-12.Some of those carbon atoms, though, are carbon-14 isotopes.
As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 70,000 lessons in math, English, science, history, and more.Plus, get practice tests, quizzes, and personalized coaching to help you succeed.Radioactive isotopes are used to determine the age of old artifacts, diagnose disease, and treat certain types of medical conditions.In this lesson, we are going to take a closer look at each of these applications of nuclear chemistry. The answer is 'run on nuclear fusion.' Nuclear fusion occurs when two or more atoms fuse together to form a single, heavier atom.Try It risk-free What can the sun do that we can't? Are radioactive isotopes helpful in the medical field?
The answers to these questions can be found in this lesson on the applications of nuclear chemistry.Because mass and energy are tied together, when mass is lost, energy is lost, or emitted.In a fusion reaction, massive amounts of energy are emitted.Keep in mind that during this process, not all of the mass is conserved.The 'heavier' atom that is produced is actually lighter than the two individual pieces, which means that mass is lost.While an organism is living, it has a set ratio of carbon-14 to carbon-12.